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Features Of Video Cameras

Features Of Video Cameras

Last Updated on by Segun Ayo

Looking to get a video camera? That’s a great decision you’re about to make. However, before you delve into buying a video camera, you need to read through this guide as we would be discussing the features of video cameras.

What Is A Video Camera?

the video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition (as opposed to a movie camera, which records images on film), initially developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well.

Video cameras are used primarily in two modes. The first, characteristic of much early broadcasting, is live television, where the camera feeds real-time images directly to a screen for immediate observation. A few cameras still serve live television production, but most live connections are for security, military/tactical, and industrial operations where surreptitious or remote viewing is required.

In the second mode, the images are recorded to a storage device for archiving or further processing; for many years, videotape was the primary format used for this purpose, but was gradually supplanted by optical disc, hard disk, and then flash memory. Recorded video is used in television production, and more often surveillance and monitoring tasks in which unattended recording of a situation is required for later analysis.

What Types Of Video Cameras Are There?

So now, coming to the main question, what are the different types of video cameras that exist? Well, there are a bunch of camera types available. And each of them has its own pros and cons. To understand cameras in a better way, you can follow this guide here we explain 6 different types of video cameras in a well-detailed way.

  • DSLR Video Cameras

DSLR Video cameras are one of the most common types of video cameras available out there. The best part of them is that they can click amazing pictures along with great videos. And there are almost every YouTuber is using DSLRs to shoot their videos.

DSLR stands for Digital Single Lens Reflex Camera. Inside the body of the camera, there is a mirror that reflects the light coming from the lens. Also, when you hit the shutter, the image gets flipped up and the light coming out from the lens shot by an image sensor, and this is how a photograph is made. Also, for video, the image sensor starts recording it instead of clicking a shot.

The camera also supports the various size of the lens. As a result, you get to click or shoot different types of videos or images. Overall, DSLR cameras are the most popular types of cameras, and they are pretty affordable too.

  • Pros

Can shoot videos and images in high quality.

Durable.

Comes with affordable pricing.

  • Cons

Bigger in size.

Heavy.

  • Mirrorless Video Camera

Mirrorless Video Camera is a bit different from the DSLR cameras. However, they are quite similar in many ways. They look the same. However, as the name of the camera suggests, mirrorless. Hence, there is no mirror in the camera that we get to see in a DSLR. In a mirrorless camera, the image sensor is exposed to the light always and offers you a digital preview of your image on the LCS screen.

Both DSLR and Mirrorless cameras are pretty powerful. However, by eliminating the mirror, the camera manufacturers can simply compact the size of the camera. As a result, mirrorless cameras are much smaller. And they are a pretty good option for casual photographers. Even there are quite a lot of professionals who like to use Mirrorless cameras.

  • Pros

Can shoot 4K videos.

Produces better quality images than DSLR.

  • Cons

Startup lag.

Battery backup sucks.

  • Point-and-Shoot Video Camera

Point-and-Shoot Video Cameras are one of the most common types of cameras that we all have seen. They are small in size and do not offer us many functionalities. Like you cannot change lenses. Also, they do come with autofocus and a built-in flash component.

This kind of camera is used by non-professional users. As there is nothing complicated in it. Plus, it is extremely easy to use. This kind of camera became popular in the late 1980s, and they fall into the best-selling camera type list.

However, the drawback of this kind of camera is that you do not really have control over the exposure of your shot or do anything. Because point-and-shoot cameras do not allow you to play with the settings. Hence, professional photographers do not really prefer them.

  • Pros

Easy to shoot.

Can shoot videos and click images.

  • Cons

Not for professionals.

You can’t select aperture or other settings.

  • Sports and Action Video Cameras

Action cameras are far better compared to any other cameras out there. The thing about them is that they come with quite a lot of accessories. As a result, you can attach an action camera to your helmet, bike, or anywhere. They are small in size and made out of durable materials.

They come with a single lens that is capable of shooting in high definition from a wide-angle perspective. Also, some of the cameras are capable of shooting in 4K. This kind of camera is mostly used by travelers or at sports events when you need to capture shots from a bike, car, or anything.

Also, the best part is that they are pretty inexpensive compared to other types of cameras available in the market.

  • Pros

Lots of accessories available.

Easy to use.

Can shoot in 4K.

Inexpensive.

  • Cons

No zoom.

Not so responsive.

  • Digital Camcorder

Digital Camcorders are made for shooting videos only. They are capable of shooting videos in formats like Digital8, MiniDV, DVD, a hard drive, or solid-state flash memory. Even in some models, digital camcorders can also shoot still images. However, the image quality might not be as good as the digital camera. Even digital camcorders are pretty old in today’s time.

A digital camcorder usually comes with a lens, image sensor, and storage media. Along with that, there are quite a lot of features that you get to see.

  • Pros

Best for shooting videos at your home.

Easy to use.

  • Cons

Uses old technology.

Cant click still images.

  • Professional-Grade Cameras

In the end, there are the Professional-Grade Cameras. As you can see in the name, they are made for professional users. Professional-grade cameras are powerful enough to produce high-quality video, and it is mostly used by the filmmakers. As the need to shoot high-quality videos

They are also very reliable and comes with a robust body, which makes them long-lasting. Even these cameras are pretty expensive compared to any other cameras. Even they are highly customizable and come with no plastic parts.

  • Pros

Shoot videos professionally.

Made of robust quality products.

Long-lasting.

  • Cons

Pretty expensive.

Features in Video Cameras

  • Flip-Out LCD Viewer

This type of viewer is common on all full-sized camcorders but few action cams. Some come in a wider aspect ratio (16:9), often called a wide-screen LCD, which is similar to the ratio found on many HDTVs. (Some higher-priced camcorders include touch-screen LCDs.) LCDs are useful for reviewing video and can be easier to use than an eyepiece viewfinder. But LCDs are difficult to use in sunlight—a drawback of models that have only a display and no eyepiece.

Screens vary from 2½ to 4 inches measured diagonally, with a larger screen offered as a step-up feature on higher-priced models. Because an LCD viewer uses batteries faster than an eyepiece viewfinder, you don’t have as much recording time when the LCD is in use.

  • Image Stabilizer

This feature automatically reduces most of the shaking that occurs while you hold the camcorder. Most stabilizers are either electronic or optical, although some models have both. Either type is effective; though mounting the camcorder on a tripod is the surest way to get steady images. Tip: If you’re not using a tripod, try holding the camcorder with both hands and bracing both elbows against your body.

  • Autofocus and Full-Auto Switch

Full-auto switch: This control, which goes by different names depending on the manufacturer, provides you with point-and-shoot simplicity. The camcorder automatically adjusts the color balance, shutter speed, focus, and aperture (also called the “iris” or “f-stop” with camcorders).

Autofocus: Adjusts for maximum sharpness. Some models include a manual-focus override that can be helpful in problem situations, such as low light.

  • Zoom, Optical Zoom, and Digital Zoom

Zoom: This is typically a finger control—press one way to zoom in, the other to widen the view. The rate at which the zoom changes depends on how hard you press the switch.

Optical zoom: Typical optical-zoom ratios range from 10:1 to about 50:1—or are described as having 10x optical zoom or 50x optical zoom. The zoom relies on optical lenses, just like a film camera (hence the term “optical zoom”).

Digital zoom: Many camcorders also include a digital zoom to extend the range to 400:1 or more, but at a lower picture quality than optical zoom gives.

  • 3D Capability

Some camcorders can capture 3D photos or video, or both. To do this, the camcorder may capture two different images (or use software to create them), representing the different perspectives of the left and right eye. The differences between those two images create a sense of depth.

Your brain combines the two images into one seamless 3D image when you wear special glasses, which are capable of presenting each eye with its own separate view, or when you view them on a special 3D LCD that uses applied “parallax barrier technology.”

  • Viewfinder

Although most newer camcorders do not have this feature, some higher-priced models will have an electronic viewfinder that lets you compose a shot without needing to use the display. This conserves battery life and is helpful in bright-light situations that wash out the LCD.

  • Rugged and/or Waterproof Body

Models that are rugged and waterproof have bodies that are claimed to resist moisture and withstand falls.

CONCLUSION

The video camera market has grown in leaps and bounds in the last few years and every year brings more features and variety. This is a good thing, however, it becomes a big chore to sit and sift through page after page of features when you are not even sure of what they might mean. This is why this guide was made. The main points have been noted, so you don’t have to sit for hours searching for video camera features.